Know Your Knee

The knee joint is one of the most complex joints in the body. It consists of bones, ligaments, and muscles. The knee is made up of the femur (thigh bone), the tibia (shin bone), and patella (kneecap). The meniscus, a soft cartilage between the femur and tibia, serves to cushion the knee and helps it absorb shock during motion.

The stability and strength of the knee joint is maintained by four ligaments: the medial collateral ligament, lateral collateral ligament, anterior cruciate ligament, and posterior cruciate ligament.

When any of these structures are injured you may have knee pain and difficulty in walking and performing activities. You may hear a popping or snapping sensation at the time of the injury or you may feel like your knee is giving way. You may also have swelling, limping, and inability to move the knee. If care is not taken during the initial phases of injury it may lead to joint damage predisposing you to osteoarthritis.

What is the most common cause for knee pain?

How do you diagnose the cause of your knee pain?

How do you manage a painful swollen knee after an injury?

How do you treat knee osteoarthritis to begin with?

Can you treat knee osteoarthritis with surgery?

Shellharbour Public Hospital
15-17 Madigan Blvd
Mount Warrigal NSW 2528
Escarpment Orthopaedics & Sports
54 Princes Highway
West Wollongong NSW 2500
Wollongong Private Hospital
360/364 Crown St
Wollongong NSW 2500
Wollongong Public Hospital
252 Loftus St
Locked Bag 8808
South Coast Mail Centre